Mechanical loading of the lower extremities due to muscle and joint contact forces plays an important role in orthopaedic and trauma surgery. Detailed, patient specific information on the in vivo forces and their distribution is, however, currently not readily available to the surgeon in clinical routine. The goal of this study was to elucidate the relationship between the position of the cup and the musculoskeletal loading conditions at the hip using validated analyses, and further, to evaluate the predictions of the biomechanical conditions against the results of a clinical study. The results indicate that restoring the anatomical hip centre to its anatomical mediolateral position could help to reduce joint loads and add to the longevity of the reconstruction. The routine use of validated analyses of musculoskeletal loading conditions, such as in the presented example using standardised pre-operative planning and sound intra-operative decision support systems, could contribute to securing a high standard in patient treatment.