A double-blind comparison of the effect of the antipsychotics haloperidol and olanzapine on sleep in mania

Braz J Med Biol Res. 2007 Mar;40(3):357-66. doi: 10.1590/s0100-879x2007000300011.


The effects of haloperidol and olanzapine on polysomnographic measures made in bipolar patients during manic episodes were compared. Twelve DSM-IV mania patients were randomly assigned to receive either haloperidol (mean +/- SD final dosage: 5.8 +/- 3.8 mg) or olanzapine (mean +/- SD final dosage: 13.6 +/- 6.9 mg) in a 6-week, double-blind, randomized, controlled clinical trial. One-night polysomnographic evaluation was performed before and after the haloperidol or olanzapine treatment. Psychopathology and illness severity were rated respectively with the Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS) and the Clinical Global Impressions - Bipolar version (CGI-BP). There was a significant improvement in the YMRS and CGI-BP scores at the end of the study for both groups. Mixed ANOVA used to compare the polysomnographic measures of both drugs demonstrated significant improvement in sleep measures with olanzapine. In the olanzapine group, statistically significant time-drug interaction effects on sleep continuity measures were observed: sleep efficiency (mean +/- SEM pre-treatment value: 6.7 +/- 20.3%; after-treatment: 85.7 +/- 10.9%), total wake time (pre-treatment: 140.0 +/- 92.5 min; after-treatment: 55.2 +/- 44.2 min), and wake time after sleep onset (pre-treatment: 109.7 +/- 70.8 min; after-treatment: 32.2 +/- 20.7 min). Conversely, improvement of polysomnographic measures was not observed for the haloperidol group (P > 0.05). These results suggest that olanzapine is more effective than haloperidol in terms of sleep-promoting effects, although olanzapine is comparatively as effective as haloperidol in treating mania. Polysomnography records should provide useful information on how manic states can be affected by psychopharmacological agents.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Antipsychotic Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Benzodiazepines / therapeutic use*
  • Bipolar Disorder / drug therapy*
  • Bipolar Disorder / psychology
  • Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Female
  • Haloperidol / therapeutic use*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Olanzapine
  • Polysomnography / drug effects
  • Sleep / drug effects*
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Antipsychotic Agents
  • Benzodiazepines
  • Haloperidol
  • Olanzapine