Mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascades are thought to mediate diverse biological functions such as cell growth, differentiation and migration. Activated MAPK may affect microtubule (MT) which is essential for cellular polarity, differentiation and motility. Data in this study show that JWA, a newly identified novel microtubule-associated protein (MAP) was essential for the rearrangement of F-actin cytoskeleton and activation of MAPK cascades induced by arsenic trioxide (As2O3) and phorbol ester (PMA). Over-expression of JWA alone in HeLa, B16 and HCCLM3 cancer cells effectively inhibited cellular migration; whereas, cellular migration was significantly accelerated when cells were deficient in JWA expression. The mechanism underlying these phenomena might be due to JWA affected F-actin rearrangement. Furthermore, JWA deficiency blocked anti-migratory effect produced by As2O3 but enhanced the migratory effect initiated by PMA in HeLa cells. JWA SDR-SLR motifs are not only critical for the MAPK cascades activation, but also for cell migration. Further studies found that JWA differentially regulated cell migration via ERK downstream effectors focal adhesion kinase (FAK) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2). Therefore, JWA regulated-tumor cellular migration might involve MAPK cascades activation and F-actin cytoskeleton rearrangement mechanisms. Our data provide an unexpected role for JWA in tumor cell migration behaviors.