Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
, 90 (2), 219-32

[Peter Plett and Other Discoverers of Cowpox Vaccination Before Edward Jenner]

[Article in German]
  • PMID: 17338405

[Peter Plett and Other Discoverers of Cowpox Vaccination Before Edward Jenner]

[Article in German]
Peter C Plett. Sudhoffs Arch.


Before Edward Jenner tested the possibility of using the cowpox vaccine as an immunisation for smallpox in humans in 1796, at least six people had done the same several years earlier. However, the findings of these six people regarding the cowpox vaccination are either hardly known or have even been forgotten. For the first time, the originally scattered information on the procedures used by these six people has been gathered and will be presented in this article. Detailed attention will be given to the works of the teacher Peter Plett (1766-1823), the only one to recognize the importance of his discovery for mankind. In 1790 and 1791/92, Plett reported his findings to the Medical Faculty of the University of Kiel. The faculty disregarded Plett's reports by neither responding to them nor changing their methods of immunisation, as the faculty at that time was still in favour of variolation. This article contains the available information and references concerning Plett's discovery, including the entire sources from 1802 and 1815 describing his findings.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 4 PubMed Central articles

  • Four Thousand Years of Concepts Relating to Rabies in Animals and Humans, Its Prevention and Its Cure
    A Tarantola. Trop Med Infect Dis 2 (2). PMID 30270864. - Review
    The epitome of the One Health paradigm-and of its shortcomings-rabies has been known to humankind for at least 4000 years. We review the evolution through history of conc …
  • Trial Watch: Peptide Vaccines in Cancer Therapy
    E Vacchelli et al. Oncoimmunology 1 (9), 1557-1576. PMID 23264902.
    Prophylactic vaccination constitutes one of the most prominent medical achievements of history. This concept was first demonstrated by the pioneer work of Edward Jenner, …
  • [The Battle Against Smallpox in Austria]
    H Flamm et al. Wien Klin Wochenschr 122 (9-10), 265-75. PMID 20559885. - Review
    In Austria activities against smallpox started with variolation, the artificial infection with the smallpox virus, which bore the risk of contracting the disease. In 1800 …
  • [Variola: The History of a Museal Present Plague]
    MW Moser et al. Wien Klin Wochenschr 120 (19-20 Suppl 4), 3-10. PMID 19066764.
    Smallpox, once a major menace of humankind, is the only endemic anthroponosis that has completely disappeared due to organized human action. The history of variola and of …


Personal name as subject

LinkOut - more resources