This study informs new strategies that promote integration of peer providers into the staff of social service agencies. Executive directors, human resource managers, supervisors and co-workers at 27 agencies in New York City were interviewed in-depth. Focus groups with peers were conducted. Consistent with previous research, respondents identified attitudes toward recovery, role conflict and confusion, lack of policies and practices around confidentiality, poorly defined job structure and lack of support as problems that undermined integration. Emerging from the data are strategies related to human resource policies and practices and workgroup relationships and operations that can improve employment of peer staff.