Hepatocyte nuclear factor-4{alpha} regulates the human organic anion transporter 1 gene in the kidney

Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2007 Jun;292(6):F1819-26. doi: 10.1152/ajprenal.00017.2007. Epub 2007 Mar 6.


Human organic anion transporter 1 (OAT1, SLC22A6), which is localized to the basolateral membranes of renal tubular epithelial cells, plays a critical role in the excretion of anionic compounds. OAT1 is regulated by various pathophysiological conditions, but little is known about the molecular mechanisms regulating the expression of OAT1. In the present study, we investigated the transcriptional regulation of OAT1 and found that hepatocyte nuclear factor (HNF)-4alpha markedly transactivated the OAT1 promoter. A deletion analysis of the OAT1 promoter suggested that the regions spanning -1191 to -700 base pairs (bp) and -140 to -79 bp were essential for the transactivation by HNF-4alpha. These regions contained a direct repeat separated by two nucleotides (DR-2), which is one of the consensus sequences binding to HNF-4alpha, and an inverted repeat separated by eight nucleotides (IR-8), which was recently identified as a novel element for HNF-4alpha, respectively. An electrophoretic mobility shift assay showed that HNF-4alpha bound to DR-2 and IR-8 under the conditions of HNF-4alpha overexpression. Furthermore, under normal conditions, HNF-4alpha bound to IR-8, and a mutation in IR-8 markedly reduced the OAT1 promoter activity, indicating that HNF-4alpha regulates the basal transcription of OAT1 via IR-8. This paper reports the first characterization of the human OAT1 promoter and the first gene in the kidney whose promoter activity is regulated by HNF-4alpha.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Line
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • DNA Primers
  • DNA, Complementary / biosynthesis
  • DNA, Complementary / genetics
  • Electrophoretic Mobility Shift Assay
  • Epithelial Cells / metabolism
  • Gene Expression Regulation / genetics
  • Gene Expression Regulation / physiology*
  • Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 4 / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Kidney / metabolism*
  • Luciferases / genetics
  • Luciferases / metabolism
  • Mutagenesis, Site-Directed
  • Opossums
  • Organic Anion Transport Protein 1 / genetics*
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic / genetics
  • Transcription Factors
  • Transfection


  • DNA Primers
  • DNA, Complementary
  • Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 4
  • Organic Anion Transport Protein 1
  • Transcription Factors
  • Luciferases