MedicCyc: a biochemical pathway database for Medicago truncatula

Bioinformatics. 2007 Jun 1;23(11):1418-23. doi: 10.1093/bioinformatics/btm040. Epub 2007 Mar 7.


Motivation: There is an imperative need to integrate functional genomics data to obtain a more comprehensive systems-biology view of the results. We believe that this is best achieved through the visualization of data within the biological context of metabolic pathways. Accordingly, metabolic pathway reconstruction was used to predict the metabolic composition for Medicago truncatula and these pathways were engineered to enable the correlated visualization of integrated functional genomics data.

Results: Metabolic pathway reconstruction was used to generate a pathway database for M. truncatula (MedicCyc), which currently features more than 250 pathways with related genes, enzymes and metabolites. MedicCyc was assembled from more than 225,000 M. truncatula ESTs (MtGI Release 8.0) and available genomic sequences using the Pathway Tools software and the MetaCyc database. The predicted pathways in MedicCyc were verified through comparison with other plant databases such as AraCyc and RiceCyc. The comparison with other plant databases provided crucial information concerning enzymes still missing from the ongoing, but currently incomplete M. truncatula genome sequencing project. MedicCyc was further manually curated to remove non-plant pathways, and Medicago-specific pathways including isoflavonoid, lignin and triterpene saponin biosynthesis were modified or added based upon available literature and in-house expertise. Additional metabolites identified in metabolic profiling experiments were also used for pathway predictions. Once the metabolic reconstruction was completed, MedicCyc was engineered to visualize M. truncatula functional genomics datasets within the biological context of metabolic pathways.

Availability: freely accessible at

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Computer Graphics
  • Computer Simulation
  • Database Management Systems
  • Databases, Protein*
  • Information Storage and Retrieval / methods
  • Medicago truncatula / metabolism*
  • Models, Biological*
  • Plant Proteins / metabolism*
  • Proteome / metabolism*
  • Signal Transduction / physiology*
  • User-Computer Interface*


  • Plant Proteins
  • Proteome