Objective: We aimed to study clinical, radiological and molecular genetic features of patients with cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs) from the Iberian Peninsula.
Methods: We screened Krit1(CCM1), MGC4607(CCM2), and PDCD10(CCM3) by systematic SSCP and direct sequencing of coding exons in 48 nuclear families and 30 sporadic cases of CCM from Spain and Portugal.
Results: Screening of CCM patients detected nine different mutations in 19 families. We found four new mutations in Krit1. Three of them were caused by either a small insertion or deletion, which lead to frameshift and premature termination codons. We also found a missense L308H mutation located in a highly conserved sequence within the ankyrin domain of Krit1. In CCM2, we found a redundant 14 bp deletion in exon 5 of MGC4607 which predicts a truncated protein at residue 230. We did not find mutations in CCM3.
Conclusions: Finding that the 14 bp deletion was present in eleven families from the Iberian Peninsula indicates a high prevalence of this mutation. This redundant CCM2 mutation is worth considering in molecular diagnosis and genetic counselling of cerebral cavernous malformations.