Myocardial scintigraphy after pacemaker implantation for congenital complete atrioventricular block

Eur J Pediatr. 2008 Feb;167(2):183-8. doi: 10.1007/s00431-007-0448-5. Epub 2007 Mar 8.


Patients with isolated congenital complete atrioventricular block (CCAVB) occasionally develop dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), despite early pacemaker implantation. However, the etiology of the DCM and its relationship to permanent ventricular pacing are not fully understood. Twenty-five patients with CCAVB underwent (99m) technetium (Tc) myocardial perfusion scintigraphy. Five patients were studied before and after pacing, providing a total of 30 image sets, which were divided into three groups; group 1: CCAVB before pacemaker implantation (PMI) (n = 11); group 2: CCAVB after PMI who did not subsequently develop DCM (n = 13); group 3: CCAVB after PMI who subsequently developed DCM (n = 6). Perfusion defects on single-photon-emission computed tomography (SPECT) were identified in group 1, 0 of 11 patients; group 2, 85% of patients; and group 3, 100% of patients. In groups 2 and 3, in patients with right ventricular pacing, the perfusion defects were mainly in the septum or between the apex and septum. On 20 segments' polar maps, the distribution of %uptake showed a similar pattern in groups 2 and 3, the degree of decreased %uptake and the number of segments with decreased %uptake being more severe in group 3. "Artificial" left bundle branch block (LBBB) pattern myocardial contraction induced by right ventricular pacing decreased myocardial perfusion around the apex and septum. Some patients with CCAVB will develop left ventricular dysfunction caused by artificial LBBB-induced interventricular asynchrony.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Atrioventricular Block / diagnostic imaging
  • Atrioventricular Block / physiopathology
  • Atrioventricular Block / therapy*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Coronary Circulation
  • Female
  • Gated Blood-Pool Imaging
  • Heart / diagnostic imaging*
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Myocardial Contraction
  • Myocardium / metabolism*
  • Organophosphorus Compounds / pharmacokinetics
  • Organotechnetium Compounds / pharmacokinetics
  • Pacemaker, Artificial*
  • Stroke Volume
  • Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon


  • Organophosphorus Compounds
  • Organotechnetium Compounds
  • technetium tc-99m tetrofosmin