Body mass index-independent effect of fitness and physical activity for all-cause mortality

Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2007 Jun;17(3):196-204. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0838.2006.00626.x. Epub 2007 Mar 5.


Both obesity and physical inactivity are associated with chronic disease and premature mortality. A review of the literature has shown that both objectively measured level of physical fitness and self-reported physical activity have a prognostic value for all-cause mortality, independently of body mass index. Furthermore, there is evidence for a dose-response effect of physical activity. In conclusion, regular exercise has health-promoting effects, which are beyond its effect on weight control.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Body Mass Index*
  • Cause of Death*
  • Denmark / epidemiology
  • Exercise*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Physical Fitness*