Rate-corrected mean velocity of fiber shortening-stress at peak systole as a load-independent measure of contractility

Am J Cardiol. 1992 Feb 1;69(4):403-7. doi: 10.1016/0002-9149(92)90242-q.


The relation of mean velocity of fiber shortening-stress at end-systole is a good load-independent index of left ventricular contractility, but involves simultaneous M-mode echocardiography, carotid tracing and blood pressure determination, which may be impractical in children. As stress at peak systole and end-systole are closely related, this study examined whether the relation of mean velocity of fiber shortening-stress at peak systole could be used as a simpler method of assessing left ventricular contractility in a normal population of children. In addition, the cross-sectional normal range for a pediatric population was obtained. In 25 normal children aged 4 to 17 years (mean age 11), rate-corrected mean velocity of fiber shortening (MVCFc), stress at peak systole (sigma PS), and end-systolic stress (sigma ES) were determined using echocardiography, carotid pulse tracing and blood pressure measurement. Six patients with cardiomyopathy (mean age 8 years) were also studied. The relation of stress at peak systole and end-systolic stress was sigma PS = 1.004 sigma ES + 12.0 (r = 0.91, SEE = 4.98; p less than 0.001) for the normal group, and sigma PS = 1.083 sigma ES + 7.7 (r = 0.99, SEE = 4.07; p less than .001) for the cardiomyopathic group. This slope of the regression line was slightly higher and the difference was statistically significant. The slope of MVCFc = 0.0066 sigma PS + 1.55 (SEE = 0.131, r = -0.52) was nearly identical to that of MVCFc = 0.0065 sigma ES + 1.46, (SEE = 0.135, r = -0.46), with no difference in the regression coefficients.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Blood Pressure*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Echocardiography
  • Humans
  • Myocardial Contraction / physiology*
  • Regression Analysis
  • Systole / physiology
  • Ventricular Function, Left / physiology*