Biomarkers of neurodegeneration for diagnosis and monitoring therapeutics

Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2007 Apr;6(4):295-303. doi: 10.1038/nrd2176. Epub 2007 Mar 9.


Rapid progress towards understanding the molecular underpinnings of neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease is revolutionizing drug discovery for these conditions. Furthermore, the development of models for these disorders is accelerating efforts to translate insights related to neurodegenerative mechanisms into disease-modifying therapies. However, there is an urgent need for biomarkers to diagnose neurodegenerative disorders early in their course, when therapy is likely to be most effective, and to monitor responses of patients to new therapies. As research related to this need is currently most advanced for Alzheimer's disease, this Review focuses on progress in the development and validation of biomarkers to improve the diagnosis and treatment of Alzheimer's disease and related disorders.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Alzheimer Disease / diagnosis
  • Alzheimer Disease / drug therapy
  • Alzheimer Disease / genetics
  • Alzheimer Disease / pathology
  • Biomarkers*
  • Drug Monitoring
  • Humans
  • Neurodegenerative Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Neurodegenerative Diseases / drug therapy*


  • Biomarkers