Partial deletion of a dystrophin gene leads to exon skipping and to loss of an intra-exon hairpin structure from the predicted mRNA precursor

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1992 Jan 31;182(2):495-500. doi: 10.1016/0006-291x(92)91759-j.


In dystrophin Kobe exon 19 of the dystrophin gene is skipped during the process of mRNA precursor splicing even though the splice sites are unchanged (Matsuo et al. J. Clin. Invest. 87:2127-2131,1991). In the predicted secondary structure of the mRNA precursor, exon 19 of dystrophin Kobe is paired with intron sequences, whereas a large part of exon sequence from wild type is paired with itself and folded into a large hairpin structure. As all of 22 additional dystrophin exons analyzed also form intra-exon hairpin structures, these structures may be considered essential components of exons. We suggest that the abolishment of a hairpin structure in the truncated exon of dystrophin Kobe might prevent the splicing machinery from recognizing the splice sites and induce exon skipping.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Base Composition
  • Base Sequence
  • Chromosome Deletion*
  • Dystrophin / genetics*
  • Exons*
  • Humans
  • Introns
  • Models, Molecular
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Nucleic Acid Conformation
  • RNA Precursors / chemistry
  • RNA Precursors / genetics*
  • RNA, Messenger / chemistry
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics*


  • Dystrophin
  • RNA Precursors
  • RNA, Messenger