Strategies for prevention and management of musculoskeletal conditions. Neck pain

Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol. 2007 Feb;21(1):93-108. doi: 10.1016/j.berh.2006.10.003.


The aim of this article was to summarise the existing evidence concerning interventions for non-specific neck pain. Neck-and-shoulder pain is commonly experienced by both adolescents and adults. Although the prevalence appears to vary among different nations, the situation is essentially the same, at least in the industrialised nations. Explanations for the wide variation in incidence and prevalence include various methodological issues. Back and neck disorders represent one of the most common causes for both short- and long-term sick leave and disability pension. Evidenced risk factors for the onset and maintenance of non-specific neck and back pain include both individual and work-related psychosocial factors. Based on the existing evidence different forms of exercise can be strongly recommended for at-risk populations, as well as for the acute and chronic non-specific neck pain patient. Furthermore, for symptom relief this condition can be treated with transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation, low level laser therapy, pulse electromagnetic treatment or radiofrequency denervation.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Evidence-Based Medicine
  • Humans
  • Life Style
  • Neck Pain / prevention & control*
  • Neck Pain / therapy
  • Occupational Diseases / prevention & control
  • Physical Fitness
  • Shoulder Pain / prevention & control
  • Shoulder Pain / therapy
  • Whiplash Injuries / prevention & control
  • Workplace