Reflections by inner-city drug users on a Buddhist-based spirituality-focused therapy: a qualitative study

Am J Orthopsychiatry. 2007 Jan;77(1):1-9. doi: 10.1037/0002-9432.77.1.1.


A manual-guided, spirituality-focused intervention--spiritual self-schema (3-S) therapy--for the treatment of addiction and HIV-risk behavior was developed as part of a Stage I behavioral therapies development project. It is theoretically grounded in cognitive and Buddhist psychologies and may be suitable for individuals of diverse faiths. The therapy development process began with focus groups to assess addicted clients' perceived need for a spirituality-focused intervention. The therapy was then codified in manual format, and a controlled clinical trial was conducted. Here the authors report on inner-city, methadone-maintained clients' personal experiences that were recorded in semistructured interviews following completion of the therapy. Findings from this qualitative study support the value of integrating spirituality-focused interventions into addiction treatment for the purpose of increasing motivation for drug abstinence and HIV prevention.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Attitude to Health
  • Buddhism*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Meditation
  • Middle Aged
  • Risk-Taking
  • Spiritual Therapies / methods*
  • Spirituality*
  • Substance-Related Disorders / epidemiology*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Urban Population / statistics & numerical data*