Relationships among health beliefs, self-efficacy, and exercise adherence in patients with coronary artery disease

Heart Lung. 1992 Jan;21(1):56-63.


Management of the pathologic progression of coronary artery disease requires life-style changes in patients, but the level of compliance with medical recommendations is low. Critical care nurses have a unique opportunity to encourage patients to assume responsibility for their health care and life-style behavior. In this study we developed a model to identify the relationships among variables that explained adherence to a recommended exercise regimen. The variables studied included self-efficacy, perceived severity, barriers, benefits, and cues to action.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary
  • Attitude to Health*
  • Coronary Artery Bypass
  • Coronary Disease / nursing
  • Coronary Disease / psychology*
  • Coronary Disease / therapy
  • Exercise*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Patient Compliance / psychology*
  • Regression Analysis
  • Sampling Studies
  • Self Concept*