Access to stroke care in England, Wales and Northern Ireland: the effect of age, gender and weekend admission

Age Ageing. 2007 May;36(3):247-55. doi: 10.1093/ageing/afm007. Epub 2007 Mar 14.


Study objectives: To determine whether access to high-quality stroke care is affected by the age or gender of the patient or by weekend admission.

Design: Data were collected as part of the National Sentinel Audit of stroke in 2004, both on the organisation of in-patient stroke care and the process of care to hospitals managing stroke patients.

Setting: Two hundred and forty-six hospitals from England, Wales and Northern Ireland took part in the 2004 National Stroke Audit, a response rate of 100%. These sites audited te care of 8,718 patients. AUDIT TOOL: Royal College of Physicians Intercollegiate Working Party Stroke Audit Tool.

Results: Overall standards of care for cases of stroke in England, Wales and Northern Ireland are low. Older patients are less likely to be treated in a stroke unit than younger patients (risk ratio comparing 85 + years with those <65 years 0.82 (95% CI 0.75-0.90). Seventy-one per cent of patients under 65 years were scanned within 24 h compared to 51% aged over 85 years. Older patients were also less likely than younger ones to receive secondary prevention and some aspects of rehabilitation, especially around higher functioning. Standards were consistently better for patients of all ages managed in stroke units compared to general wards. At weekends, patients were less likely to be admitted directly to a stroke unit (risk ratio 0.77 95% CI 0.69-0.86) and brain imaging was performed less often for older (85 + years) patients (weekday 56%, weekend 40%). There was little evidence of differences in standards of care between males and females.

Conclusion: There is clear evidence of an age effect on the delivery of stroke care in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland, with older patients being less likely to receive care in line with current clinical guidelines. Quality of acute care is also less good for patients admitted at weekends. No systematic evidence for sexism was identified.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Multicenter Study

MeSH terms

  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • England / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Guideline Adherence
  • Health Services Accessibility* / statistics & numerical data
  • Hospital Units
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Medical Audit* / statistics & numerical data
  • Northern Ireland / epidemiology
  • Outcome and Process Assessment, Health Care
  • Patient Admission* / statistics & numerical data
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic
  • Quality of Health Care* / statistics & numerical data
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Sex Factors
  • State Medicine* / statistics & numerical data
  • Stroke / epidemiology
  • Stroke / therapy*
  • Time Factors
  • Wales / epidemiology