Structures and functions of yeast kinetochore complexes

Annu Rev Biochem. 2007;76:563-91. doi: 10.1146/annurev.biochem.76.052705.160607.

Abstract

The kinetochore is a key cell division organelle that enables high-fidelity transmission of genetic information by coupling chromosomes to spindle microtubules during mitosis and meiosis. Despite its cytological description more than a century ago, remarkably little information is available on kinetochore function at a molecular level. Recently, important advances elucidating the overall organization of kinetochores, as well as information about the structures and molecular mechanisms of kinetochore function, have been achieved through a detailed analysis of the kinetochores of the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Here we review the current understanding of kinetochore function in budding yeast and draw comparisons to recent findings in other organisms.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Aurora Kinases
  • Cell Cycle Proteins / chemistry
  • Cell Cycle Proteins / genetics
  • Cell Cycle Proteins / metabolism
  • Cell Cycle Proteins / ultrastructure
  • Centromere / metabolism
  • Chromosome Segregation
  • Cytoskeletal Proteins / genetics
  • Cytoskeletal Proteins / metabolism
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • Kinetochores / metabolism*
  • Kinetochores / ultrastructure
  • Microtubule-Associated Proteins / genetics
  • Microtubule-Associated Proteins / metabolism
  • Microtubule-Associated Proteins / ultrastructure
  • Microtubules / metabolism
  • Models, Molecular
  • Molecular Motor Proteins / metabolism
  • Multiprotein Complexes
  • Nuclear Proteins / chemistry
  • Nuclear Proteins / genetics
  • Nuclear Proteins / metabolism
  • Protein Kinases / genetics
  • Protein Kinases / metabolism
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / cytology*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / metabolism
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / chemistry
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / genetics
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / metabolism
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / ultrastructure

Substances

  • CTF19 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • Cytoskeletal Proteins
  • DAM1 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • MTW1 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Microtubule-Associated Proteins
  • Molecular Motor Proteins
  • Multiprotein Complexes
  • NDC80 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • Protein Kinases
  • Aurora Kinases
  • IPL1 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases