High-risk constellation in living renal transplantation

Transplant Proc. 2007 Mar;39(2):505-8. doi: 10.1016/j.transproceed.2007.01.023.


There is only limited information about recipient risk factors for graft survival in living- donor kidney transplantation. This study aimed to investigate prognostic factors and their impact on living-related and unrelated renal transplant recipients. From October 2000 until October 2004, 81 adult living-related renal transplantations were performed at our institution. Using multivariate analysis, the association of the following variables with kidney graft outcome was studied: ages of donors and recipients, gender and body mass index, cold and warm ischemia, HLA mismatches, identity and compatibility of blood group, duration of dialysis, cytomegalovirus (CMV) status, recipient original disease, surgical and general complications, and status of retransplantation. Multivariate analysis revealed significant reduction of graft function and graft survival in recipients with retransplantation, more than 4 mismatches, and a high body mass index. Thus, living-donor kidney transplantation can be regarded as a safe and standardized operation relating to surgical technique, but further consideration of the recipient body mass index and the number of mismatches are recommended during the preparation for transplantation.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Blood Group Incompatibility / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Histocompatibility Testing
  • Humans
  • Kidney Transplantation / adverse effects*
  • Kidney Transplantation / immunology
  • Kidney Transplantation / physiology*
  • Living Donors*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Postoperative Complications / epidemiology
  • Reoperation / statistics & numerical data
  • Risk Assessment
  • Treatment Failure
  • Treatment Outcome