Objective: Oxygen toxicity is thought to contribute to the development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). Oxidant injury leads to formation of F(2)-isoprostanes (F(2)-IsoP). We hypothesized that urinary excretion of the stable metabolite of F(2)-IsoP, 8-iso-PGF(2alpha), would be higher in infants who develop BPD than those who did not.
Methods: Forty infants <30-weeks gestational age (GA) were enrolled, 24 infants with BPD and 16 without BPD. Urine specimens were collected weekly and stored at -80 degrees C until analyzed. Urinary 8-iso-PGF(2alpha) was measured by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and normalized to creatinine excretion.
Results: GA and birth weight (BW) were lower in infants who developed BPD than those who did not. Urinary 8-iso-PGF(2alpha) levels in the first or third weeks of age were not significantly different between the two groups.
Conclusion: Urinary excretion of 8-iso-PGF(2alpha) in early postnatal life in preterm infants is not correlated with the development of BPD.