Computerized working memory training after stroke--a pilot study

Brain Inj. 2007 Jan;21(1):21-9. doi: 10.1080/02699050601148726.

Abstract

Aim: To examine the effects of working memory (WM) training in adult patients with stroke.

Methods: A randomized pilot study with a treatment group and a passive control group; 18 participants (12 males) in a vocational age group (mean age 54 years) were randomized to either the treatment or the control condition. The intervention consisted of computerized training on various WM tasks for five weeks. A neuropsychological test battery and self-rating on cognitive functioning in daily life (the CFQ) were administered both before and after the treatment.

Results: Statistically significant training effects were found on the non-trained tests for WM and attention, i.e., tests that measure related cognitive functions but are not identical to tasks in the training programme (Span board p < 0.05; PASAT p < 0.001; Ruff 2&7 p < 0.005). There was a significant decrease in symptoms of cognitive problems as measured by the CFQ (p < 0.005).

Conclusion: More than one year after a stroke, systematic WM training can significantly improve WM and attention.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Memory Disorders* / etiology
  • Memory Disorders* / rehabilitation
  • Memory, Short-Term*
  • Middle Aged
  • Neuropsychological Tests
  • Pilot Projects
  • Software
  • Stroke / psychology*
  • Therapy, Computer-Assisted / methods*
  • Treatment Outcome