Antimicrobial activity and pollen composition of honey samples collected from different provinces in Turkey

Nat Prod Res. 2007 Mar;21(3):187-95. doi: 10.1080/14786410600906277.


The antibacterial activity of honey samples from different sources were collected and investigated against Bacillus cereus, Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923, Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 27853, Klebsiella pneumoniae ATCC 27736, Morganella morganii, Micrococcus luteus NRRL B-4375, Escherichia coli ATCC 35218, and Candida albicans. Pathogens exhibited different sensitivities towards the honey samples. The results showed that majority of the honey samples (75%) generally inhibitied the bacteria tested. The honey samples which were obtained from Izmir (samples 1 and 2) proved more effective as inhibitors against P. aeruginosa, E. coli, and S. aureus. The honey which was obtained from Muğla (sample 5) exhibited high anticandidal activity on C. albicans. A comparison of the honey samples on the basis of pollen content revealed that they were heterofloral, and samples which had highest antibacterial activity against P. aeruginosa, E. coli, and S. aureus were dominated by pollen from Chenopodiaceae/Amaranthaceae (sample 1), and Trifolium, Trigonella, Cyperaceae, Zea mays and Anthemis taxa (sample 2). The honey proved more effective on bacteria than antibiotics.

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Infective Agents / analysis
  • Anti-Infective Agents / pharmacology*
  • Bacteria / drug effects
  • Flowers
  • Fungi / drug effects
  • Honey / analysis*
  • Microbial Sensitivity Tests
  • Pinus / chemistry
  • Pollen / chemistry*
  • Turkey


  • Anti-Infective Agents