Vascular malformations. Part II: associated syndromes

J Am Acad Dermatol. 2007 Apr;56(4):541-64. doi: 10.1016/j.jaad.2006.05.066.


Cutaneous vascular malformations are rare disorders representing errors in vascular development. These lesions occur much less commonly but are often confused with the common infantile hemangioma. It is important to properly diagnose vascular malformations because of their distinct differences in morbidity, prognosis and treatment. Vascular malformations may be associated with underlying disease or systemic anomalies. Several of these syndromes are well defined and can often be distinguished on the basis of the flow characteristics of the associated vascular malformation.

Learning objective: At the completion of this learning activity, participants should be able to better recognize underlying diseases or systemic anomalies that may be associated with vascular malformations. Participants should also better understand the various syndromes and conditions discussed and become more familiar with their management.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Arteries / abnormalities
  • Arteriovenous Malformations / diagnosis*
  • Arteriovenous Malformations / epidemiology
  • Arteriovenous Malformations / therapy*
  • Capillaries / abnormalities
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber Syndrome / diagnosis
  • Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber Syndrome / epidemiology
  • Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber Syndrome / therapy
  • Male
  • Neurocutaneous Syndromes / diagnosis
  • Neurocutaneous Syndromes / epidemiology
  • Neurocutaneous Syndromes / therapy
  • Prognosis
  • Risk Assessment
  • Sturge-Weber Syndrome / diagnosis
  • Sturge-Weber Syndrome / epidemiology
  • Sturge-Weber Syndrome / therapy
  • Vascular Diseases / congenital*
  • Vascular Diseases / diagnosis
  • Vascular Diseases / epidemiology
  • Vascular Diseases / therapy
  • Veins / abnormalities