Cancer immunotherapy targeting mesothelin represents a potentially plausible approach for the control of ovarian cancer as most ovarian cancers express high levels of mesothelin. In the current study, we created a mesothelin-positive luciferase-expressing ovarian cancer model, MOSEC/luc. This luciferase-expressing tumor model allowed us to quantitate tumor distribution and tumor load in tumor-challenged mice using a non-invasive bioluminescence imaging system. In addition, we identified an H-2D(b)-restricted mesothelin peptide-specific cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) epitope (amino acid (aa) 406-414) that was endogenously processed and presented by MOSEC/luc tumor cells. We showed that adoptive transfer of mesothelin peptide (aa406-414)-specific CD8(+) T cells led to the control of MOSEC/luc tumor cells. The MOSEC/luc tumor model and the newly identified H-2D(b)-restricted murine mesothelin-specific CTL epitope (aa406-414) will be very useful for the development of immunotherapy for ovarian cancer as well as for the development of quantitative CD8(+) T cell-mediated immunological assays.