Prenatal diagnosis of oculocutaneous albinism type II and novel mutations in two Chinese families

Prenat Diagn. 2007 Jun;27(6):502-6. doi: 10.1002/pd.1713.


Objective: The prenatal genetic diagnosis and counseling of oculocutaneous albinism type II (OCA2) by detecting mutations in the OCA2 gene

Methods: DNA samples were extracted from peripheral whole blood and amniocentesis-derived cells. Polymerase chain reaction and automatic sequence analysis were used to screen the OCA2 gene.

Results: Case 1: Two novel heterozygous mutations (p.N476D and p.Y827H) in the P gene were detected in the proband. Molecular prenatal diagnosis on fetal DNA revealed N476D. The pregnancy progressed uneventfully to a normal outcome. Case 2: Mutation analysis of the DNA of family 2 revealed compound heterozygosities for two novel P gene mutations (p.N476D and p.G775R). The pregnant female and the fetus each presented with a single P gene mutation (p.V443I and G775R, respectively). The pregnancy was continued.

Conclusion: This is the first report of prenatal diagnosis performed in families with oculocutaneous albinism type II (OCA2). Also, this report reveals three novel mutations of the P gene.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Albinism, Oculocutaneous / diagnosis*
  • Albinism, Oculocutaneous / genetics
  • Amniocentesis
  • Asian People / genetics
  • Child
  • China
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 15 / genetics
  • DNA Mutational Analysis / methods
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Membrane Transport Proteins / genetics
  • Mutation, Missense
  • Pedigree
  • Pregnancy
  • Prenatal Diagnosis*


  • Membrane Transport Proteins
  • OCA2 protein, human