Pathway to health: cluster-randomized trial to increase fruit and vegetable consumption among smokers in public housing

Health Psychol. 2007 Mar;26(2):214-21. doi: 10.1037/0278-6133.26.2.214.


Objectives: Examine the effectiveness of an intervention to increase fruits and vegetables (FV) consumption among smokers.

Design: Cluster-randomized trial of 20 public housing developments; 10 randomly assigned to an FV intervention and 10 to a smoking cessation intervention.

Main outcome measures: Usual (past 7 days) and past 30 days change in daily FV intake at 8 weeks and 6 months postbaseline.

Results: Greater increases were seen in the FV group. At Week 8 and Month 6, the FV group had consumed 1.58 (p = .001) and 0.78 (p = .04), respectively, more daily FV servings in the past 7 days than the cessation group. At the same time points, the FV group had consumed 3.61 (p = .01) and 3.93 (p = .01), respectively, more FV servings in the past 30 days than the cessation group. Completing more motivational interviewing sessions (p = .02) and trying more recipes (p = .02) led to significantly greater increases at Month 6 among FV participants.

Conclusions: Motivational interviewing counseling and lifestyle modification through trying out healthy recipes may be effective in helping a high-risk population increase their FV intake.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Diet
  • Female
  • Fruit*
  • Health Promotion / methods
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Program Evaluation
  • Public Housing*
  • Smoking Prevention
  • Smoking*
  • United States
  • Vegetables*