Regularly new anabolic steroids appear on the black market. In most cases these substances are marketed on websites or are confiscated during inspections. 1,(5alpha)-Androstene-17beta-ol-3-one, also known as 1-testosterone, is one of these substances presented to body-builders as a nutritional supplement or a pro-hormone. 1-Testosterone closely resembles the natural hormone testosterone except for a 1,2-double bound instead of a 4,5-double bound. 1-Androstene-3beta,17beta-diol is transformed into 1-testosterone after oral administration. 1-Testosterone, 1-androstene-3beta,17beta-diol and some other related 'new' anabolic steroids were studied with gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and Liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS2) methods. Similarities in spectra to known analytes, which may lead to pitfalls in the interpretation of the derivatised analytes, are discussed.