The social backgrounds and working behaviour of 248 prostitutes in urban and rural areas of The Gambia were investigated. Prostitutes were found to be highly mobile, moving frequently between a number of working locations in The Gambia and neighbouring Senegal, from which most of them originated. The educational level of prostitutes and the standard of living of their natal families were above average. Prostitutes worked on average four days a week and had between two and three clients a night. Condoms were used in up to 80% of contacts. 795 clients of prostitutes were interviewed and found to be on average of low educational and occupational status. Half were non-Gambian and most were currently travelling or living away from home.