Prevalence and treatment of personality disorders in Dutch forensic mental health services

J Am Acad Psychiatry Law. 2007;35(1):92-7.


Offenders with serious personality disorders challenge forensic systems throughout the world. In this article, the authors describe the legal system that shapes the forensic treatment of personality-disordered offenders in the Dutch psychiatric and correctional systems. The evolution of laws and regulations are addressed, as is the bifurcation of treatment between forensic hospitals and correctional settings. Prevalence data of personality disorders in the Dutch systems are presented, and comparisons between the Dutch and American systems are delineated. Current treatment modalities are described. Research initiatives and future directions for the system are presented.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Commitment of Mentally Ill / legislation & jurisprudence*
  • Crime / legislation & jurisprudence*
  • Cross-Cultural Comparison
  • Forensic Psychiatry / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Insanity Defense*
  • Mental Competency / legislation & jurisprudence
  • Mental Health Services / legislation & jurisprudence*
  • Netherlands
  • Outpatient Clinics, Hospital / legislation & jurisprudence
  • Personality Disorders / diagnosis
  • Personality Disorders / epidemiology*
  • Personality Disorders / therapy
  • Prisoners / legislation & jurisprudence*
  • Prisoners / psychology
  • Referral and Consultation / legislation & jurisprudence
  • United States