Vascular endothelial dysfunction in cirrhosis

J Hepatol. 2007 May;46(5):927-34. doi: 10.1016/j.jhep.2007.02.006. Epub 2007 Mar 5.


Endothelial dysfunction is regarded as an early key event in multiple diseases. The assessment of vascular nitric oxide (NO) level is an indicative of endothelial dysfunction. In liver cirrhosis, on one hand, endothelial dysfunction is known as impaired endothelium-dependent relaxation in the liver microcirculation and contributes to increased intra-hepatic vascular resistance, leading to portal hypertension. On the other, increased production of vasodilator molecules mainly NO contributes to increased endothelium-dependent relaxation in the arteries of the systemic and splanchnic circulation. The aims of this review are to summarize and discuss: (1) unique characteristics of sinusoidal endothelial cell (SECs) and SEC dysfunctions in cirrhosis, and (2) endothelial dysfunctions in the arterial splanchnic and systemic circulation in cirrhosis with portal hypertension.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Endothelial Cells / metabolism*
  • Endothelium, Vascular / physiopathology*
  • Humans
  • Hypertension, Portal / complications
  • Liver / blood supply*
  • Liver / pathology
  • Liver Cirrhosis / complications*
  • Liver Cirrhosis / physiopathology*
  • Microcirculation / physiopathology
  • Nitric Oxide / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Nitric Oxide / metabolism*
  • Regional Blood Flow
  • Vascular Diseases / complications
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A / metabolism
  • Vascular Resistance*
  • Vasodilator Agents / metabolism


  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
  • Vasodilator Agents
  • Nitric Oxide