A novel Fc gamma receptor ligand augments humoral responses by targeting antigen to Fc gamma receptors

Eur J Immunol. 2007 Apr;37(4):1139-48. doi: 10.1002/eji.200636321.


Generating efficient antibody (Ab) responses against weak antigens remains challenging. Ab responses require antigen (Ag) uptake by antigen-presenting cells (APC), followed by presentation of processed Ag to T cells. Limited uptake of antigenic peptides by APC constrains Ab responses. Here we improve vaccine efficacy by targeting Ag to Fcgamma receptors (FcgammaR) using R4, a recombinant FcgammaR ligand. R4 has four repeats per chain of the hinge region and CH2 domain (HCH2) of human IgG1. HCH2 encompasses the FcgammaR binding site. The repeats are linked to the human IgG1 framework. To test R4 in augmenting Ag uptake, we expressed human serum albumin domain 1 (HSA1) at the N terminus of R4 to produce HSA1R4. HSA1R4 (50 microg) administered to mice in Ribi adjuvant induces up to 1100-fold higher HSA1-specific IgG titers than HSA1 (p<0.001). HSA1R4 (250 ng) induces up to 130 times more anti-HSA1 Ab than HSA1Fc, a protein with HSA1 linked to the IgG1 framework (p<0.001). HSA-reactive T cells proliferate more briskly to HSA1R4 than to HSA1Fc (p<0.008). Immunization with HSA1R4 yields greater T cell reactivity to HSA1 ex vivo than immunization with HSA1Fc (p<0.004). Linking antigenic peptides to linear HCH2 polymers may facilitate vaccine development.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adjuvants, Immunologic / administration & dosage
  • Adjuvants, Immunologic / biosynthesis
  • Adjuvants, Immunologic / genetics
  • Adjuvants, Immunologic / metabolism*
  • Animals
  • Antigens / immunology*
  • Antigens / metabolism*
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Humans
  • Immunoglobulin G / administration & dosage
  • Immunoglobulin G / biosynthesis*
  • Immunoglobulin G / genetics
  • Ligands
  • Mice
  • Peptide Fragments / immunology
  • Peptide Fragments / metabolism
  • Receptors, IgG / administration & dosage
  • Receptors, IgG / genetics
  • Receptors, IgG / metabolism*
  • Serum Albumin / biosynthesis
  • Serum Albumin / genetics
  • Serum Albumin / metabolism*
  • Serum Albumin / physiology
  • Spodoptera
  • U937 Cells


  • Adjuvants, Immunologic
  • Antigens
  • Immunoglobulin G
  • Ligands
  • Peptide Fragments
  • Receptors, IgG
  • Serum Albumin