Introduction and objectives: The relative value of exercise echocardiography (EE) over resting echocardiography when this last incorporates information on mitral regurgitation (MR) is unknown. Furthermore, limited data exists regarding to the value of MR worsening during exercise in patients with LV dysfunction. We investigated whether: a) EE has incremental value over a resting echo-Doppler study; and b) post-exercise MR increments the value of EE for predicting outcome in patients with LV dysfunction.
Methods: 388 consecutive patients with LV dysfunction (LV ejection fraction <50%) were followed for 2.1 (1.5) years. There were 46 hard events (myocardial infarction in 10 and cardiac death in 36).
Results: There were 43 events in 319 patients with abnormal EE vs 3 events in 69 patients with normal EE (13% vs 4%, P=.04), whereas there were 20 events in the 103 patients with at least moderate resting MR vs 26 events in the 288 with no/mild MR (19% vs 9%, P=.006). Resting MR, peak heart rate x blood pressure, and n masculine of diseased territories on EE were independently associated to hard events. The same variables and MR worsening were independently associated to cardiac death.
Conclusions: EE maintains its higher prognostic value over resting echocardiography even when this last incorporates information on MR. MR worsening increments the value of EE for predicting cardiac death in patients with LV dysfunction.