The role of high-frequency ventilation in neonates: evidence-based recommendations

Clin Perinatol. 2007 Mar;34(1):129-44, viii. doi: 10.1016/j.clp.2006.12.004.


High-frequency ventilation (HFV) uses small tidal volumes and extremely rapid ventilator rates. Despite the wealth of laboratory and clinical research on HFV, there are no established guidelines for prioritizing the use of HFV versus conventional mechanical ventilation (CMV) in neonatal respiratory failure. Examination of the currently available randomized controlled trials and meta-analysis of HFV versus CMV does not demonstrate any clear benefit of HFV either as a primary mode or as a "rescue" mode of ventilation in neonates who have respiratory insufficiency. The current literature does support the preferential use of HFV over CMV in conjunction with inhaled nitric oxide to maximize oxygenation in hypoxemic respiratory failure, in particular, as a result of persistent pulmonary hypertension.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Evidence-Based Medicine
  • High-Frequency Ventilation*
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Lung Diseases / therapy
  • Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn / therapy*