Endothelial Cell Migration During Angiogenesis

Circ Res. 2007 Mar 30;100(6):782-94. doi: 10.1161/01.RES.0000259593.07661.1e.

Abstract

Endothelial cell migration is essential to angiogenesis. This motile process is directionally regulated by chemotactic, haptotactic, and mechanotactic stimuli and further involves degradation of the extracellular matrix to enable progression of the migrating cells. It requires the activation of several signaling pathways that converge on cytoskeletal remodeling. Then, it follows a series of events in which the endothelial cells extend, contract, and throw their rear toward the front and progress forward. The aim of this review is to give an integrative view of the signaling mechanisms that govern endothelial cell migration in the context of angiogenesis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Actins / metabolism
  • Angiopoietins / physiology
  • Animals
  • Cell Movement / physiology*
  • Cytoskeleton / metabolism
  • Endothelial Cells / cytology
  • Endothelial Cells / physiology*
  • Extracellular Matrix / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Neovascularization, Physiologic / physiology*
  • Pericytes / physiology
  • Signal Transduction / physiology*

Substances

  • Actins
  • Angiopoietins