Antagonism of the prostaglandin D2 receptors DP1 and CRTH2 as an approach to treat allergic diseases

Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2007 Apr;6(4):313-25. doi: 10.1038/nrd2266.


Immunological activation of mast cells is an important trigger in the cascade of inflammatory events leading to the manifestation of allergic diseases. Pharmacological studies using the recently discovered DP(1) and CRTH2 antagonists combined with genetic analysis support the view that these receptors have a pivotal role in mediating aspects of allergic diseases that are resistant to current therapy. This Review focuses on the emerging roles that DP(1) and CRTH2 (also known as DP(2)) have in acute and chronic aspects of allergic diseases and proposes that, rather than having opposing actions, these receptors have complementary roles in the initiation and maintenance of the allergy state. We also discuss recent progress in the discovery and development of selective antagonists of these receptors.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Asthma / drug therapy
  • Humans
  • Hypersensitivity / drug therapy*
  • Hypersensitivity / metabolism
  • Hypersensitivity / physiopathology
  • Prostaglandin Antagonists / pharmacology*
  • Prostaglandin D2 / metabolism
  • Receptors, Immunologic / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Receptors, Prostaglandin / antagonists & inhibitors*


  • Prostaglandin Antagonists
  • Receptors, Immunologic
  • Receptors, Prostaglandin
  • prostanoid D receptor 1, human
  • Prostaglandin D2
  • prostaglandin D2 receptor