Familial testicular cancer: a report of the UK family register, estimation of risk and an HLA class 1 sib-pair analysis

Br J Cancer. 1992 Feb;65(2):255-62. doi: 10.1038/bjc.1992.51.


Forty-two families with two or more cases of testicular cancer have been reported to the UK Register for Familial Testicular Cancer, comprising two pairs of identical twins, 27 sets of other brothers (25 pairs, two triples), nine father-son pairs, two pairs of first cousins and two uncle-nephew pairs. In total 91 testicular tumours are described in 86 individuals (42 (46%) pure seminoma, 49 (54%) other germ cell tumours). The median age at diagnosis in these patients was significantly younger than that in a comparable series of non-familial patients (29 c.f. 32.5 years, P less than 0.01). In a case-control comparison of 794 testicular cancer patients, eight patients (1.0%) had a brother and four patients (0.5%) had a father with a previous diagnosis of testicular cancer at the time of their own diagnosis (and these families are all included in this report). Two out of 794 controls (0.3%) had a first degree relative with testicular cancer. The cumulative risk to a brother of a patient for developing testicular cancer by the age of 50 years was estimated to be 2.2% (95% C.I. 0.6-3.8%) which results in a relative risk of 9.8 (95% C.I. 2.8-16.7) in comparison with the general population. HLA Class I typing of 21 affected sib-pairs demonstrated four (19%) sharing two haplotypes, 13 pairs (62%) sharing one and four pairs (19%) sharing none. This did not differ significantly from the expected proportions of 25%/50%/25%. It is unlikely, therefore, that there is a major gene associated with testicular cancer predisposition within or closely linked to the major histocompatibility gene complex on chromosome 6.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Family Health*
  • HLA Antigens / genetics
  • Haplotypes / genetics
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Registries
  • Risk Factors
  • Testicular Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Testicular Neoplasms / epidemiology*
  • Testicular Neoplasms / immunology
  • Testicular Neoplasms / pathology
  • United Kingdom


  • HLA Antigens