Some pan-histone-deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors have recently been reported to exert their anti-leukemia effect by inhibiting the activity of class IIB HDAC6, which is the deacetylase of Hsp90 and alpha-tubulin, thereby leading to hyperacetylation of Hsp90, disruption of its chaperone function and apoptosis. In this study, we compared the effect of a class I HDAC inhibitor FK228 with the pan-HDAC inhibitor suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA) on the Hsp90 chaperone function of K562 cells. We demonstrated that, although having a weaker inhibitory effect on HDAC6, FK228 mediated a similar disruption of Hsp90 chaperone function compared to SAHA. Unlike SAHA, FK228 did not mediate hyperacetylation of Hsp90, instead the acetylation of Hsp70 was increased and Bcr-Abl was increasingly associated with Hsp70 rather than Hsp90, forming an unstable complex that promotes Bcr-Abl degradation. These results indicated that FK228 may disrupt the function of Hsp90 indirectly through acetylation of Hsp70 and inhibition of its function.