Coping strategies and locus of control following traumatic brain injury: relationship to long-term outcome

Brain Inj. 1992 Jan-Feb;6(1):89-94. doi: 10.3109/02699059209008129.


Cluster-analytic techniques were used to categorize coping strategies (CS) measured by the Ways of Coping--Revised Scale, and locus of control (LOC) beliefs measured by the Multidimensional Health Locus of Control Scale in 53 male traumatically brain-injured (TBI) persons. A cluster characterized by comparatively higher use of self-controlling and positive reappraisal CS and lower external LOC was associated with significantly lower mood disturbance and physical difficulties and a trend to be less depressed. The age of the neurologically injured patient and Taylor's (1983) cognitive adaptation theory may be important aspects of recovery from TBI and other neurological conditions.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Activities of Daily Living / psychology*
  • Adaptation, Psychological*
  • Adult
  • Brain Damage, Chronic / psychology*
  • Brain Damage, Chronic / rehabilitation*
  • Brain Injuries / psychology*
  • Brain Injuries / rehabilitation*
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Internal-External Control*
  • Male
  • Neuropsychological Tests
  • Pilot Projects
  • Sick Role*