Use of appropriate antimicrobials in wound management

Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2007 Feb;25(1):159-76. doi: 10.1016/j.emc.2007.01.007.

Abstract

The primary goal of wound management is to achieve a functional closure with minimal scarring. Preventing infection is important to facilitate the healing process. Most simple, uncomplicated wounds do not need systemic antibiotics but benefit from the use of topical antibiotics. Judicious use of antibiotics reduces unnecessary adverse events and helps reduce the development of resistance. Although antibiotics can help reduce infection risk and promote healing, they are not a substitute for good local wound care, in particular irrigation and surgical débridement. This article reviews the role of antibiotics in emergency department wound management.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Animals
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Bites and Stings / drug therapy*
  • Bites and Stings / etiology
  • Bites and Stings / microbiology
  • Cats
  • Child, Preschool
  • Dogs
  • Emergency Service, Hospital*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Risk Factors
  • Therapeutic Irrigation / methods
  • Wound Infection / etiology
  • Wound Infection / microbiology
  • Wound Infection / prevention & control*
  • Wounds and Injuries / classification
  • Wounds and Injuries / drug therapy*
  • Wounds and Injuries / therapy

Substances

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents