A case of adenocarcinoma developing in the pouch following restorative proctocolectomy is presented. This seems to be the third reported in the literature. The carcinoma developed from the remnants of precancerous rectal mucosa left in the muscular rectal cuff. The patient had been suffering from ulcerative colitis for 17 years prior to the development of the malignancy. He presented with features of subacute intestinal obstruction. Diagnosis was by sigmoidoscopic examination of the pouch and biopsy. He was treated with abdominoperineal resection of the pouch and rectum, followed by chemotherapy.