Confirmation that a specific haplotype of the dopamine transporter gene is associated with combined-type ADHD

Am J Psychiatry. 2007 Apr;164(4):674-7. doi: 10.1176/ajp.2007.164.4.674.


Objective: The primary purpose of this study was to confirm the association of a specific haplotype of the dopamine transporter gene and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), which could be one source of the heterogeneity seen across published studies.

Method: The authors previously reported the association of ADHD with a subgroup of chromosomes containing specific alleles of two variable-number tandem repeat polymorphisms within the 3' untranslated region and intron 8 of the dopamine transporter gene. They now report on this association in a sample of ADHD combined-type probands.

Results: The original observations were confirmed, with an overall odds ratio of 1.4 across samples.

Conclusions: These data challenge results of meta-analyses suggesting that dopamine transporter variation does not have an effect on the risk for ADHD, and they indicate that further investigation of functional variation in the gene is required.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / genetics
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Dopamine Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins / genetics*
  • Female
  • Genetic Variation / genetics
  • Haplotypes / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Polymorphism, Genetic
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Risk Factors
  • Tandem Repeat Sequences


  • Dopamine Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins