A key issue in RNA amplification techniques is the preservation of original transcript abundance, however popular high-grade RNA amplification methods lack sufficient validation regarding the potential bias of gene expression profiles. This study evaluated a double-round T7-based and a PCR-based amplification protocol, using the Affymetrix GeneChip platform. Both small sample methods performed excellently in terms of yield and reproducibility (r>0.99), and also the within-method concordance with respect to differential gene expression was as high as with standard single-round T7-based amplification. However, when comparing the overlap of all differentially expressed genes between standard and small sample methods, this was only moderate for the double-round T7 (48.7-55.0%) as well as for the PCR-based amplification protocol (51.9-58.0%). In contrast, the concordance for the top 100 genes with highest fold changes was significantly higher, indicating that both small sample methods generate reliable results when focusing on strongly regulated genes.