Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is an established imaging modality, recognized for its value in the assessment and monitoring of a wide range of cardiac pathology. It can provide physiologic as well as anatomic information. Image interpretation requires both well-developed MRI skills and knowledge of cardiac pathology. Radiologists, because of their extensive experience in MRI, have an important role in its application in the heart. The guidelines presented here are an educational tool designed to assist practitioners in providing the best possible patient care via the diagnostic methods of cardiac MRI. American College of Radiology requirements for physicians and personnel performing and interpreting cardiac MRI, which will become applicable by July 1, 2008, are also presented.