Virtual screening for novel openers of pancreatic K(ATP) channels

J Med Chem. 2007 May 3;50(9):2117-26. doi: 10.1021/jm061440p. Epub 2007 Apr 11.


Ligand-based virtual screening approaches were applied to search for new chemotype KCOs activating Kir6.2/SUR1 KATP channels. A total of 65 208 commercially available compounds, extracted from the ZINC archive, served as database for screening. In a first step, pharmacokinetic filtering via VolSurf reduced the initial database to 1913 compounds. Afterward, six molecules were selected as templates for similarity searches: similarity scores, obtained toward these templates, were calculated with the GRIND, FLAP, and TOPP approaches, which differently encode structural information into potential pharmacophores. In this way, we obtained 32 hit candidates, 16 via GRIND and eight each via FLAP and TOPP. For biological testing of the hit candidates, their effects on membrane potentials in HEK 293 cells expressing Kir6.2/SUR1 were studied. GRIND, FLAP, and TOPP all yielded hits, but no method top-ranked all the actives. Thus, parallel application of different approaches probably improves hit detection.

MeSH terms

  • ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters / chemistry*
  • ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters / drug effects
  • ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters / physiology
  • Cell Line
  • Databases, Factual
  • Humans
  • Insulin / metabolism
  • Insulin Secretion
  • Insulin-Secreting Cells / metabolism*
  • Ion Channel Gating*
  • Membrane Potentials / drug effects
  • Models, Molecular
  • Potassium Channels / chemistry*
  • Potassium Channels / drug effects
  • Potassium Channels / physiology
  • Potassium Channels, Inwardly Rectifying / chemistry*
  • Potassium Channels, Inwardly Rectifying / drug effects
  • Potassium Channels, Inwardly Rectifying / physiology
  • Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationship
  • Receptors, Drug / chemistry*
  • Receptors, Drug / drug effects
  • Receptors, Drug / physiology
  • Sulfonylurea Receptors


  • ABCC8 protein, human
  • ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters
  • Insulin
  • Kir6.2 channel
  • Potassium Channels
  • Potassium Channels, Inwardly Rectifying
  • Receptors, Drug
  • Sulfonylurea Receptors