Organ donation and utilization in the United States, 1996-2005

Am J Transplant. 2007;7(5 Pt 2):1327-38. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-6143.2007.01779.x.


The success of clinical transplantation as a therapy for end-stage organ failure is limited by the availability of suitable organs for transplant. This article discusses continued efforts by the transplant community to collaboratively improve the organ supply. There were 7593 deceased organ donors in 2005. This represents an all-time high and a 6% increase over 2004. Increases were noted in deceased organ donation of all types of organs; notable is the increase in lung donation, which occurred in 17% of all deceased donors. The percentage of deceased donations that occurred following cardiac death has also reached a new high at 7%. The number of living donors decreased by 2%, from 7003 in 2004 to 6895 in 2005. This article discusses the continued efforts of the Organ Donation Breakthrough Collaborative and the Organ Transplantation Breakthrough Collaborative to support organ recovery and use and to encourage the expectation that for every deceased donor, all organs will be placed and transplanted.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Cadaver
  • Humans
  • Living Donors / statistics & numerical data*
  • Patient Selection
  • Registries
  • Tissue Donors / statistics & numerical data*
  • Tissue and Organ Procurement / statistics & numerical data*
  • Tissue and Organ Procurement / trends
  • Transplantation / statistics & numerical data*
  • Transplantation / trends
  • United States
  • Waiting Lists*