Aberrant regulation of messenger RNA 3'-untranslated region in human cancer

Cell Oncol. 2007;29(1):1-17. doi: 10.1155/2007/586139.


The messenger RNA 3'-untranslated region (3'UTR) is emerging as critically important in regulating gene expression at posttranscriptional levels. The 3'UTR governs gene expression via orchestrated interactions between mRNA structural components (cis-elements) and specific trans-acting factors (RNA-binding proteins and non-coding RNAs). Alterations in any of these components can lead to disease. Here, we review the mutations in 3'UTR regulatory sequences as well as the aberrant levels, subcellular localization, and posttranslational modifications of trans-acting factors that can promote or enhance the malignant phenotype of cancer cells. A thorough understanding of these alterations and their impact upon 3'UTR-directed posttranscriptional gene regulation will uncover promising new targets for therapeutic intervention.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • 3' Untranslated Regions / genetics*
  • 3' Untranslated Regions / metabolism
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic*
  • Humans
  • Models, Biological
  • Mutation
  • Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Neoplasms / metabolism
  • Neoplasms / pathology
  • RNA Processing, Post-Transcriptional
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics*
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • RNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism


  • 3' Untranslated Regions
  • RNA, Messenger
  • RNA-Binding Proteins