Acute respiratory distress syndrome in Plasmodium vivax malaria: case report and review of the literature

Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2007 Jul;101(7):655-9. doi: 10.1016/j.trstmh.2007.02.014. Epub 2007 Apr 12.


Plasmodium vivax infection can cause acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). This complication of P. vivax infection is being increasingly recognised and was life threatening in a traveller returning from Gujarat, India. Nineteen other published cases of P. vivax with respiratory symptoms are also reviewed and confirm that ARDS was the underlying complication in most cases. Plasmodium vivax-associated ARDS is a clinically recognisable condition whose underlying pathophysiology is likely to reflect processes that are independent of parasite sequestration in the pulmonary microvasculature.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Humans
  • Malaria, Vivax / complications*
  • Male
  • Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Adult / diagnosis
  • Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Adult / drug therapy
  • Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Adult / parasitology*