Objectives: The study was conducted to compare risks of adverse cardiovascular and other events associated with the use of drospirenone (DRSP)-containing oral contraceptives (OCs) and other OCs.
Methods and materials: The European Active Surveillance study (EURAS) was a multinational, prospective, noninterventional cohort study of new users of DRSP, levonorgestrel (LNG) and other progestin-containing OCs. Semiannual follow-up was based on mailed questionnaires, with additional follow-up procedures when needed.
Results: Overall, 58,674 women were followed for 142,475 women-years of observation. Loss to follow-up was 2.4%. Serious adverse and fatal events were rare, and rate ratios were close to unity (1.0). Cox regression analysis of cardiovascular outcomes yielded hazard ratios for DRSP-containing vs. LNG-containing and other OCs of 1.0 and 0.8 (upper 95% confidence limits, 1.8 and 1.3) for venous, and 0.3 and 0.3 (upper 95% confidence limits, 1.2 and 1.5) for arterial thromboembolism, respectively.
Conclusions: Risks of adverse cardiovascular and other serious events in users of a DRSP-containing OC are similar to those associated with the use of other OCs.