Non-cell autonomous effect of glia on motor neurons in an embryonic stem cell-based ALS model

Nat Neurosci. 2007 May;10(5):608-14. doi: 10.1038/nn1885. Epub 2007 Apr 15.


Here we report an in vitro model system for studying the molecular and cellular mechanisms that underlie the neurodegenerative disease amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) derived from mice carrying normal or mutant transgenic alleles of the human SOD1 gene were used to generate motor neurons by in vitro differentiation. These motor neurons could be maintained in long-term coculture either with additional cells that arose during differentiation or with primary glial cells. Motor neurons carrying either the nonpathological human SOD1 transgene or the mutant SOD1(G93A) allele showed neurodegenerative properties when cocultured with SOD1(G93A) glial cells. Thus, our studies demonstrate that glial cells carrying a human SOD1(G93A) mutation have a direct, non-cell autonomous effect on motor neuron survival. More generally, our results show that ESC-based models of disease provide a powerful tool for studying the mechanisms of neural degeneration. These phenotypes displayed in culture could provide cell-based assays for the identification of new ALS drugs.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis / pathology*
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Animals
  • Cell Differentiation / physiology
  • Cell Survival / physiology
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Coculture Techniques / methods
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Embryo, Mammalian
  • Flow Cytometry / methods
  • Green Fluorescent Proteins / genetics
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • Motor Neurons / physiology*
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins / metabolism
  • Neuroglia / physiology*
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction / methods
  • Stem Cells / physiology*
  • Superoxide Dismutase / genetics
  • Time Factors


  • Nerve Tissue Proteins
  • Green Fluorescent Proteins
  • SOD1 G93A protein
  • Superoxide Dismutase