Background: Vaginal reconstruction after tumor resection or in congenital vaginal agenesis remains a challenging area in surgery, with many techniques previously described underlining the continued search for an ideal method. In this preliminary report, a series of patients are presented who underwent vaginal reconstruction using a deep inferior epigastric artery perforator (DIEP) flap.
Methods: Between May of 2004 and February of 2005, five patients underwent vaginal reconstruction using the pedicled DIEP flap. Four patients had congenital vaginal agenesis and one had a complete vaginal resection because of a tumor.
Results: The flaps ranged in size from 9 x 10 cm to 11 x 12 cm. All flaps survived, although one patient developed a posterior space hematoma that required draining. Of the five patients, two were sexually active and enjoyed satisfactory penetrative intercourse after reconstruction.
Conclusions: This series demonstrates that a new vagina can be created from the pedicled DIEP flap and that the reconstruction is reliable, with low donor-site morbidity. The major disadvantage of this technique is the conspicuous abdominal scar.